Guidelines of the American Thyroid Association for the Diagnosis and Management of Thyroid Disease During Pregnancy and Postpartum
The American Thyroid Association Taskforce on Thyroid Disease During Pregnancy and Postpartum
Alex Stagnaro-Green (Chair),1 Marcos Abalovich,2 Erik Alexander,3 Fereidoun Azizi,4 Jorge Mestman,5
Roberto Negro,6 Angelita Nixon,7 Elizabeth N. Pearce,8 Offie P. Soldin,9 Scott Sullivan,10 and Wilmar Wiersinga11
1Departments of Medicine and Obstetrics/Gynecology, George Washington University School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Washington, District of Columbia.
2Endocrinology Division, Durand Hospital, Favaloro University, Buenos Aires, Argentina.
3Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Hypertension, Brigham & Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts.
4Internal Medicine and Endocrinology, Research Institute for Endocrine Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University of Medicine Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
5Department of Medicine and Obstetrics and Gynecology, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California.
6Division of Endocrinology, V. Fazzi Hospital, Lecce, Italy.
7Angelita Nixon, CNM, LLC, Scott Depot, West Virginia.
8Section of Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Nutrition, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts.
9Departments of Medicine, Oncology, and Obstetrics and Gynecology, Georgetown University Medical Center, Washington, District of Columbia.
10Department of Obstetrics/Gynecology, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, South Carolina.
11Endocrinology, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
This article has been revised since its original e-publication on July 25, 2011, in order to merge duplicate terminology and correct typographical errors. The terms “anti-thyroid antibodies,” “anti-TPO antibodies,” and “Ab+” have been replaced by “thyroid antibodies,” “TPO antibodies,” and “TAb+,” respectively. In Recommendation 37, “planning to be pregnancy” has been changed to “planning to be pregnant.” Also, the endorsement of these guidelines by the American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists (AACE) and Endocrine Society of Australia (ESA) is acknowledged. Correction date: September 12, 2011.
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